Chronic Leg Pain
About Chronic Leg Pain Causes and Treatment
There are a number of conditions that can cause chronic leg pain, and although it is to be expected if you have had an injury to your leg, there are actually many other medical conditions that can cause you to feel pain in one or both of your legs. If you have a medical condition that affects the bones, joints, muscles, blood vessels, nerves, as well as other areas of the body, it can cause you to have chronic pain in your legs. If there is a condition that causes inflammation of the tissue, it can lead to leg pain.
Another condition that can lead to chronic leg pain is a back injury or a medical condition that affects the back. Basically any illness or injury that affects the tissues or bones of the leg or the spinal cord can cause pain in the legs.
Some examples of medical conditions that can cause chronic leg pain include,
Diabetes – If someone has diabetes that is not well controlled they can develop bad circulation as well as a malfunction of the nerves in the legs and feet. The symptoms of this condition will include numbness and pain. Diabetes can also cause the blood vessels in the legs to become too narrow; this can lead to leg pain, especially after exercising.
Injury – When there is an injury to the leg, there is likelihood that there will also be some tissue inflammation. The inflammation can cause leg pain.
Back Problems – If you have a back problem such as a ruptured disk or arthritis, you can also experience chronic leg pain. If there is pain that seems to spread from the hips or back down to the leg, you may have damage to the sciatic nerve.
Peripheral Artery Disease – There is also the chance that chronic leg pain could be due to the peripheral artery disease. This is where the artery has narrowed, causing a decrease in the blood supply to the leg. When this is the problem causing the pain, you will likely notice more pain when you participate in physical activity.
Blood Clot – If there is a blood clot, it is possible that it will obstruct the artery and cause pain. One of the most common places for the blood clot to be located is in the heart, where it breaks off and can move to one of the arteries. If there is a blood clot it can affect the legs, but it can also affect the brain, which will cause a stroke.
Muscle Cramps – If you have chronic leg pain associated with muscle cramps, the main cause is often insufficient electrolytes. This can be remedied by ensuring that you get enough water to maintain hydration.
If you suffer from a leg injury and find that you are having trouble walking or that the leg cannot hold your weight, you will want to seek medical attention. Also if there is a sudden onset of leg pain, or if the leg seems hot and swollen or cold and pale, you will need to get medical attention as soon as possible as this could be a sign that there is a blood clot.
A doctor should evaluate any leg pain that continues and worsens in order to find out if there is an underlying medical condition causing the leg pain. The treatment for chronic leg pain will depend on the medical condition that is causing the pain.
Minor pain can be treated at home by taking some over the counter ibuprofen and using an ice compress to control tissue inflammation. You may also consider bed rest or using crutches to keep pressure off of the leg until the injury heals and the pain is tolerable.
If home treatment does not help relieve your pain, make an appointment with your doctor so that you can be evaluated and receive a diagnosis.